Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona

South Africa

The NAT Venues Jardí Botànic de Barcelona South Africa

The South African Mediterranean area is the smallest of all, representing just 3% of the biome. It contains some 8,550 known species of which 68% are endemic. Rainfall, never abundant, is concentrated in the cold Seaton. However, the summer influence of tropical monsoons means that there is no completely dry season. The diversity of soils, the climate and the relief, together with geographic isolation and the frequent incidence of fires, have generated very high diversity, with the result that the proportion of endemic and rare species is, together with that of south-western Australia, the highest in all the Mediterranean areas and one of the richest in the world.

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