The Mediterranean plant collections of the Botanical Garden provide excellent materials for botanical research studies linked to many different disciplines. The principal scientific studies that bring together botanical institutions with the Botanical Garden of Barcelona are aimed at obtaining information to help resolve questions regarding plant conservation: studies of reproductive biology, analyses of genetic diversity, population dynamics, studies of physiology, etc.
The nurseries and greenhouses of the Garden are used to cultivate and maintain plants of scientific and educational interest. These cultivated plants are then introduced into the exhibition spaces, amongst which the rock crevice communities are of particular interest, as they harbour many endangered species. By this means, the Botanical Garden raises visitors’ awareness about the importance of plants and of conserving the environment. Moreover, the information provided includes details about the conservation of endangered species in Catalonia, as well as descriptions of ongoing projects and the results obtained from them.
- Miriam Aixart
- European Regional Development Fund (FEDRE)
The main objective of FLORAPYR AVANCE 322/19 (2020-2022) project is to contribute to the Pyrenean Observatory of Climate Change (OPCC) and combat the vulnerability of the Pyrenees flora, very rich in endemic species and seriously threatened by temperature increase.
The different research centers that participate in the project represent different sectors of the Pyrenees in Andorra, Spain (Aragon, Catalonia and the Basque Country) and France. Together, we develop different actions such as the monitoring and conservation of flora through citizen science or the production of indicators able to inform us about the habitats and species sensitivity to climate change by monitoring the vegetation of snowfields and silvopasture systems. The Germplasm Bank of the Botanic Garden of Barcelona is involved in the creation of an Inter-Pyrenean Seed Banks network containing seed samples of threatened Pyrenean species, sensitive to climate change species or other species more common forming landscapes.
This project has been co-financed at 65% by the European Regional Development Fund through the Interreg V-A Spain-France-Andorra Program (POCTEFA 2014-2020). The objective of POCTEFA is to strengthen the economic and social integration of the Spain-France-Andorra border area. Its support focuses on the development of cross-border economic, social and environmental activities through joint strategies in favor of sustainable territorial development.
The SEMCLIMED Project, which is included within the INTERREG IIIB MEDOCC Community programme, proposes a series of actions whose aim is to evaluate the effects of the new environmental conditions generated by climate change on the flora of the Mediterranean basin. It is an example of inter-regional collaboration for the conservation of flora as it also aims to reinforce the networks between botanical centres of the western Mediterranean territory (France, Spain, Greece and Italy) to improve and transfer information in the conservation field, while cooperating with those of the southern Mediterranean shores (Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt).
The SEMCLIMED project is based on five main activities, and the Botanical Garden of Barcelona and its Seeds Bank collaborate in three of them.
The first activity studies the impact of future climate conditions on the germination behaviour of some species from the Mediterranean basin, while simulating in the germination chamber different temperature and lighting conditions.
The conservation of the flora of northern Africa, due to its vulnerability and fragility in the face of environmental changes, is the second important activity being carried out and here we are working closely by directing the seed collection campaigns in Morocco and helping the creation of the first seed bank in Morocco, at the Scientific Institute of Rabat.
Finally, we are also participating in a third activity of living collections of rare and endangered plants, in other words, in the constitution of a micro-habitat, specifically a rock face, a suitable place for exhibiting the rocky species that abound in the Mediterranean regions.
- Miriam Aixart
The Seminum Index is an annual seeds catalog available for exchange between gardens.
Every year from different gardens of the world a list of available seeds is made for exchange between them.
The seeds are offered free of charge solely for research, testing, education and development of collections.