The Botanical Garden seeks to demonstrate the great similarities between Californian, Chilean, South African and Australian landscapes and those of the Mediterranean basin through a wide-ranging representation of plant species from Mediterranean-type climates.
By either following the main route or exploring the labyrinth of paths, visitors discover the most characteristic plants from the principal Mediterranean plant landscapes. Careful observation enables us to see the similarities and differences between these and, at the same time, to discover certain morphological features that are shared by many plants that have adapted to the Mediterranean-type climate. Any time of year is good to visit the Garden, but its vegetation responds to the conditions laid down by the changing seasons.
In summer, the Garden presents a dry, arid overall image. Only trees with deep roots can find water that allows them to continue their activity. The small bushes and abundant shrubs that are so prevalent in Mediterranean regions shed branches and leaves in order to reduce water loss. Activity only returns after the first rains of autumn. This is when many bulbous plants awaken, annual plants germinate and many bush species sprout new leaves that will enable them to benefit from the winter rains. The vegetation now forms a greener, more vigorous landscape. Due to the landscape winter is usually a time of rest for the aerial parts of plants whilst, underground, their roots grow in readiness for the arrival of rain in spring. This season is when most Mediterranean plants bloom. The Garden now becomes a spectacle of colours that also attracts animals to the plants, pollinating them.